1 This marks the proposed limits, a.d. 323 to a.d. 439, but he did not carry the narrative further than a.d. 425.

1 Cf. Eus. H. E. i. 4.

2 Cf. Gen. xviii.

3 Cf. Gen. xlix. 10.

4 Isa. vii. 14, foretells that "a virgin shall conceive and bear a son"; but he does not declare, in words, the perpetual virginity of the mother of God. The Roman Catholic Church, however, infers the doctrine from certain types in the Old Testament: such as that of "the hush which burnt with fire, and was not consumed" (Ex. iii. 2).

5 See Joseph. Antiq. xviii. 33; xx. 9, 1.

6 More probably Clemens Alexandrinus than, as Valesius suggests, Clemens Romanus.

7 See the Life of Eusebius, prefixed to his Eccles. Hist. in this series.

8 These books are not now extant.

9 It is scarcely fair with Valesius to infer from this passage that Sozomen was a monk himself.

10 Who this Romanus was is uncertain, as his name does not occur in the catalogue of bishops of Antioch, according to Hieronymus' edition of the Chronicon, nor in Nicephorus. In one index at the end of a codex of Eusebius' History, in Florence, his name occurs as the twenty-second, in order, and between Philagonius and Eustathius. Theodoret, H. E. i. 3, gives the succession Vitalis, Philagonius.

11 Cf. Soc. i. 23, 24.

12 For a narrative of the treatment of the Christians by Licinius, and the war between Constantine and Licinius on their account, see Soc; i. 3, 4.

13 With this chapter, cf. the parallel account in Soc. i. 2.

14 Cf. Eus. V. C. i. 28.

15 Cf. Eus. V. C. i. 29.

16 id. i. 32.

17 That is, for the unbaptized and catechumens; the baptized were called the "initiated" (oi memuhmenoi).