1 1 The reader has observed that all my notes, except the "General Notes," are bracketed when they illustrate any other text except that of my own original prefaces, elucidations, etc. This rule will apply to Professor Riddle's work, as well as to that of the Edinburgh translator's.

2 See New-York Independent, July 31, 1884.

3 See this volume, infra, the Second Epistle of Clement, so called.

4 See Bibliography at the close of vol. viii., this series.

5 The Church Order is to be distinguished from the Ethiopic collection of Apostolic canons; see Introductory Notice to Apostolic Constitutions.

6 Compare the detailed discussions of Harnack, Holtzmann, Warfield, and most recently McGiffert, Andover Review, vol. v. pp. 430-442.

7 For the various dates, see p. 375.

8 [Note this mark of a possibly corrupted source.]

9 [See Apostolic Fathers, passim.]

10 [Compare Rev. ii. 2 and 9.]

11 [In obscure regions such an admission is clearly consistent with apostolic experience. Compare 1 Cor. iv. 16, 17, xi. 34; Gal. iv. 9.]

12 [Compare 1 John iv. 1; Titus i. 10.]

1 The longer title is supposed to be the original one: the shorter, a popular abridgment. The latter has no real connection with Acts ii. 42. Many hold that the term "nations" (or "Gentiles") points to a Jewish Christian as the author (so Bryennios), though this is denied by others (so Brown) A similar diversity of opinion exists as to the class of readers; but, if the early date is accepted, the more probable theory is, that the first part at least of the manual was for the instruction of catechumens of Gentile birth (so Bryennios, Schaff). Others extend it to Gentile Christians.

2 This phrase connects the book with the Duae Viae; see Introductory Notice. Barnabas has "light" and "darkness" for "life" and "death."

3 Deut. xxx. 15, 19; Jer. xxi. 8; Matt. vii. 13, 14.

4 Comp. Deut. vi. 5, which is fully cited in Apostolic Constitutions, vii. 2, though the verb here is more exactly cited from LXX.

5 Lev. xix. 18; Matt. xxii. 37, 39. Comp. Mark xii. 30, 31.

6 Comp. Tobit iv. 15; and Matt. vii. 12; Luke vi. 31.

7 These Old-Testament commands are thus taught by the Lord.

8 Matt. v. 44. But the last clause is added, and is of unknown origin; not found in Apostolic Constitutions.

9 Matt. v. 46, 47; Luke vi. 32. The two passages are combined.

10 So Apostolic Constitutions. Comp. 1 Pet. iii. 13.

11 1 Pet. ii. 11. The Codex has swmatikw=n, "bodily;" but editors correct to kosmikw=n.

12 Matt. v. 39; Luke vi. 29.

13 Matt. v. 41.

14 Matt. v. 40; Luke vi. 29.

15 Luke vi. 30. The last clause is a peculiar addition: "art not able," since thou art a Christian; otherwise it is a commonplace observation.

16 Luke vi. 30. The rest of the sentence is explained by the parallel passage in Apostolic Constitutions, which cites Matt. v. 45.

17 Bryennios finds a parallel (or citation) in Hermas, Commandment Second, p. 20, vol. i. Ante-Nicene Fathers. The remainder of this chapter has no parallel in Apostolic Constitutions.

18 Gr. e0n sunoxh=. Probably = imprisonment; see next clause.

19 Matt. v. 26.

20 Codex: idrwta/tw, which in this connection is unintelligible. Bryennios corrects into idrwsa/tw, rendered as above. There are various other conjectural emendations. The verse probably forbids indiscriminate charity, pointing to an early abuse of Christian liberality.

21 The chapter, except this opening sentence and part of verse 7, is found in Apostolic Constitutions, vii. 2-5; but the precepts are separated and enlarged upon.