2 1 John iv, 4.

3 [There is in the church of S. Stefano Rotondo at Rome a series of delineations of the sufferings of the early martyrs, poorly executed, and too horrible to contemplate; but it all answers to these words of our author. See Ep. xxxiv.infra.]

4 Ps. cxvi. 15.

5 Matt. x. 19, 20.

6 Isa. vii. 13 ; videLam. iii. 26.

7 Isa. vii. 14.

8 1 Cor. ix. 24, 25.

9 2 Tim. iv. 6-8.

10 [He contemplates the peace promised in Ep. viii. supra. But note the indomitable spirit with which, for successive ages, the Church supplied her martyrs. Heb. xi. 36, 37.]

11 Rev. ii. 23.

1 Oxford ed.: Ep. xvi. A.D. 250.

2 In letter ii. we have noted a limited exercise of jurisdiction: the canons seem not to have allowed them the full powers these preabyters had used.]

3 Matt. x. 32, 33.

4 Mark iii. 28, 29.

5 1 Cor. x. 21.

6 "Exomoiogesis."

7 1 Cor. xi. 27.

8 [Compare Tertullian, Ad Martyras, vol. iii. p. 693.]

9 [Note this persuasion of Cyprian, and compare St. Matt. xxi. 15, 16; Luke xix. 40.]

10 [Celebrating the Lard's Supper; Rom. xv. 16 (Greek) compared with Mal. i. 11, texts which seem greatly to have influenced the language of the early Church.]

1 Oxford ed.: Ep, xv. A.D, 250.

2 That these were everywhere soliciting the martyrs, and were also corrupting the confessors with importunate and excessive entreaty, so that, without any distinction or examination of tbe individuals, thousands of certificates were given, against the Gospel law, I wrote letters in which I recalled by my advice as much as possible the martyrs and confessor' to the Lord's commands.

3 [Another instance of this word as applied to the bishop, kat= ecoxhn. So in St. Chrysostom, De Sacerdotio= episcopatu.]

4 1 Cor. xi. 27.

5 [He refers to his comprovincials, not arrogating all authority to himself. See Hippolytus, p. 125, note 2, supra.]

6 [The African Church.]

1 Oxford ed.: Ep. xvii. A.D. 250.

2 [The faithful laity. A technical expression, in the original.]

3 2 Cor. xi. 29.

4 1 Cor. xii. 26.

5 [Here is a recognition of the laity as contributing to the decisive action. 1 Cor. v. 4.]

6 [Elucidation III.; also Ignatius, vol. i. p. 69.]

1 Oxford ed.: Ep, xviii. A.D. 250.

2 "Concerning this also I wrote twice to the clergy, and commanded it to be rend to them, that for the mitigation of their violence in any manner for the meantime, if any who had received a certificate I (from the martyrs were departing from this life, having made confession and received the hands imposed upon them for repentance, they should be remitted to the Lord with the peace promised them by the martyrs," etc.

3 [2 Cor. ii. 10.]

4 "Audientibus," scii. catechumens.

5 [See Hermas, vol. ii. p. 15, note 6.]

1 Oxford ed.: Ep. xix. [See letter xxvii. infra.]

2 Rev. ii. 5.

3 Faciunt invidiam: "are producing ill-will to us." Those who were eager to be received into the Church without certificates would produce ill-will to those who refused to receive them, as if they were too strict. Thu. Rigaltius explains the passage. "These," Cyprian says, "should wait until the Church in its usual way gives then) peace publicly."

4 [Elucidation IV.]

5 [i.e., they can become martyrs, if they wil.]

1 Oxford ed.: Ep. xx þ A.D. 250.