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Translator's Preface


Translator's Preface

The following translation has been made from the edition published in Migne's Patrologia. The plan originally proposed was, in the case of the History, to make a revision of an existing translation. This was, however, after a brief trial, abandoned, and the translation has throughout been made entirely fresh. The Letters, so far as the translator is aware, have never been published in English before. The notes indicate with sufficient clearness to whom he is indebted for such elucidation of the text as he may have been enabled to furnish. Conscious of its imperfections, and not confident that revision can have removed all blemishes and errors, he yet puts forth this English version of the History, Dialogues, and Letters of Theodoret, Bishop of Cyrus, in the hope that he may not have done great injustice to their holy and learned author.

London July, 1892.

Proj twn xratountwn esmen.

- Aeschylus.

CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES TO ACCOMPANY THE HISTORY AND LIFE OF THEODORET.

323.

Defeat and relegation of Licinius.

Theod. i. 1; Soc. i. 4; Soz. i. 8; Eus. x. 9.

324.

Execution of Licinius. Macarius, bishop of Jerusalem, Silvester of Rome, and Alexander of Alexandria.

Theod. i. 2; Soc. i. 9; Soz. i. 2.

Colluthus condemned at Alexandria.

Theod. i. 3.

325.

20th year of Constantine I. COUNCIL OF NICAEA (May 20-Aug. 25).

Theod. i. 6; Soc. i. 8; Soz. i. 17.

Birth of Gallus (Caesar).

Theod. iii. 1.

Birth of Gregory of Nazianzus.

Eustathius of Beroea elected bishop of Antioch.

Theod. i. 3; Soz. i. 2.

Constantine writes a letter ordering the building and reparation of churches.

Theod. i. 14.

Also a letter to Macarius, bishop of Jerusalem, about the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.

Theod. i. 16; Soc. i. 9.

326.

Alexander, biscop of Alexandria, died in January (perhaps April), and Athanasius succeeds, probably on June 8th. The Festal Index gives 328.

Theod. i. 25; Soc. i. 15; Soz. ii. 17.

327.

? Consecration of Frumentius to the Abyssinian bishopric.

Theod. i. 22; Soc. i. 19; Soz. ii. 24.

328.

Arian Council of Antioch, and deposition of Eustathius: but the date is much controverted. Possibly 330 or 331.

Theod. i. 20; Soc. i. 24; Soz. ii. 19.

329.

Incident of Ischyras and Macarius.

Theod. ii. 6; Soc. i. 27.

Birth of Basil of Caesarea, "the Great."

330.

Byzantium dedicated as Constantinople, May 11th.

cf. Theod. i. 18; Soc. i. 16; Soz. i. 3.

331.

Birth of Julian.

Perhaps the deposition of Eustathius.

333.

Constantine's letter to Sapor II.

Theod i. 24.

335.

Division of the empire between Constantine, Constantius, and Constans, sons, and Dalmatius and Hannibalianus, nephews, of the emperor.

Dedication of the Great Church at Jerusalem.

Theod. i. 29; Soc. i. 28; Soz. ii. 26.

Anthony summoned to Alexandria.

Theod. i. 24.

Councils of Tyre and Jerusalem; first exile of Athanasius.

Theod. i. 22-29; Soc. i. 28; Soz. ii. 25.

336.

Athanasius at Treves.

Theod. i. 29; Soc. i. 35; Soz. ii. 28.

Death of Arius.

Theod. i. 13; Soc. i. 38; Soz. ii. 29.

Death (? Clinton gives 340) of Alexander of Constantinople.

Theod. i. 19.

337.

Death of Constantine I. Whitsunday.

Theod. i. 30; Soc. i. 39; Soz. ii. 34.

338.

Athanasius' restoration recommended by Constantine II.

Theod. ii. 1; Soc. ii. 3; Soz. iii. 2.

340.

Constantine II. defeated and slain near Aquileia.

Theod. ii. 3; Soc. ii. 5; Soz. iii. 2.

Constantius at war with Persia.

Death of Eusebius of Caesarea, the historian.

Paul and Eusebius of Nicomedia rivals at Constantinople.

Theod. i. 19; Soc. ii. 7; Soz. iii. 4.

Gregory at Alexandria.

Theod. ii. 3; Soc. ii. 11; Soz. iii. 6.

Arian Synod of the Dedication of the Great Church at Antioch, commonly dated 341.

Theod. ii. 3; Soc. ii. 10; Soz. iii. 5.

342.

Constantius orders expulsion of Paul from Constantinople.

Theod. ii. 4; Soc. ii. 7; Soz. iii. 4.

343.

Persecution in Persia.

343-4 or 347.

(See note on p. 67.) Council of Sardica.

Theod. ii. 6; Soc. ii. 14; Soz. iii. 11.

Athanasius received at Milan by Constans.

345.

Murder of Gregory.

Theod. ii. 9.

345 or 346.

Deposition of Stephen of Antioch.

Theod. ii. 8; Soc. ii. 26; Soz. iii. 20.

Return of Athanasius, October 21.

Theod. ii. 3; Soc. ii. 33; Soz. iii. 70.

347.

Birth of John Chrysostom.

349.

Council at Jerusalem (Mansi. ii. 171 u.), under bp. Maximus, in favour of Athanasius. 1st Council of Sirmium.

350.

Revolt of Magnentius.

Theod. ii. 12; Soc. ii. 25.

Constans killed February 27.

Theod. ii. 9; Soc. ii. 25; Soz. iv. 1.

351.

Constantius, sole emperor, defeats Magnentius at Mursa.

2nd Council of Sirmium.

352.

Liberius succeeds Julius in the See of Rome

Theod. ii. 12.

Paul of Constantinople strangled.

Theod. ii. 4; Soc. ii. 26; Soz. iv. 2.

353.

Suicide of Magnentius.

355.

Council of Milan.

Theod. ii. 12; Soc. ii. 36; Soz. iv. 9.

356.

Intrusion of George at Alexandria.

Theod. ii. 10; Soc. ii. 14; Soz. iv. 30.

357.

Deposition of Cyril of Jerusalem by Acacius.

Theod. ii. 22; Soc. ii. 42; Soz. iv. 25.

3rd Council of Sirmium.

358.

Return of Liberius.

Theod. ii. 14; Soc. ii. 42; Soz. iv. 15.

359.

Synod of the Isaurian Seleucia.

Theod. ii. 22; Soc. ii. 39; Soz. iv. 22.

Birth of Gratianus.

Council of Ariminum.

Theod. ii. 15; Soc. ii. 37; Soz. iv. 17.

360.

Synod of Nica.

Theod. ii. 16.

3rd Council of Constantinople. (Semi Arian.)

361.

Nov. 3 Death of Constantius.

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Theod. iii. 1; Soc. ii. 47; Soz. v. 1.

Accession of Julian.

362.

Murder of George of Alexandria.

Athanasius returns Feb. 22, but goes into 4th exile in Octorber.

Theod. iii. 5; Soc. ii. 4; Soz. vi. 6.

363.

Julian's baffled attempt to rebuild the Temple

Theod. iii. 15; Soc. iii. 70; Soz. vi. 22.

Julian's Persian expedition and death, June 26.

Theod. iii. 20; Soc. iii. 17; Soz. vi. 1.

Accession of Jovian, June 27

364.

Death of Jovian.

Theod. iv. 4; Soc. iii. 26; Soz. vi. 3.

Accession of Valentinian. Valens Augustus.

366.

Liberius, bp. of Rome, dies and is succeeded by Damasus.

Theod. ii. 17; Soc. iv. 29; Soz. vi. 23.

367.

Gratianus, son of Valentinian, declared Augustus. aet. s.8.

Theod. v. 1.

5th exile of Athanasius.

370.

Basil becomes bishop of Caesarea.

Theod. iv. 16; Soc. iv. 26; Soz. vi. 16.

372.

Gregory of Nazianzus becomes bishop of Sasima.

Theod. v. 7; Soc. iv. 26; Soz. vi. 17.

373.

Death of Athanasius. May 2.

Theod. iv. 17; Soc. iv. 20; Soz. vi. 19.

Death of Ephraim Syrus, June 19.

Theod. iv. 26; Soc. iii. 16.

374.

Auxentius of Milan dies.

Theod. iv. 5; Soc. iv. 30; Soz. i. 24.

Ambrose archbishop of Milan.

Theod. iv. 6.

375.

Gratian emperor of the West.

Theod. v. 1; Soc. iv. 31; Soz. vi. 36.

378.

Death of Valens.

Theod. iv. 32; Soc. iv. 37; Soz. vi. 40.

379.

Theodosius named Augustus, Jan. 19.

Theod. v. 5; Soc. v. 2; Soz. vii. 2.

Gregory of Nazianzus at Constantinople.

Theod. v. 8; Soc. v. 6; Soz. vii. 7.

381.

Council of Constantinople.

Theod. v. 8; Soc. v. 8; Soz. vii. 7.

383.

Death of Gratian. Rebellion of Maximus.

Theod. v. 12; Soc. v. 11; Soz. vii. 13.

386.

Birth of Theodoret, according to the less probable date of Garnerius.

387.

Sedition at Antioch.

Theod. v. 19; Soc. v. 15; Soz. vii. 23.

388.

Defeat and death of Maximus.

Death of Cyril of Jerusalem.

390.

Destruction of the Serapeum.

Theod. v. 22; Soc. v. 16; Soz. vii. 15.

Massacre at Thessalonica.

Theod. v. 17.

Death of Gregory of Nazianzus.

392.

Death of Valentinian II. Eugenius set up as Emperor.

Theod. v. 24.

393.

Birth of Theodoret, according to the more probable date of Tillemont.

394.

Theodosius defeats Eugenius.

Theod. v. 24; Soc. v. 25; Soz. vii. 24.

395.

Death of Theodosius. Accession of Honorius and Arcadius.

Theod. v. 25; Soc. v. 26; Soz. vii. 25.

398.

John Chrysostom becomes bishop of Constantinople.

Theod. v. 27; Soc. vi. 2; Soz. viii. 2.

400.

Revolt of Gainas.

cf. Theod. v. 25; Soc. v. 26; Soz. vii. 25.

401.

Roman legions withdrawn from Britian.

403.

Synod of the "the Oak."

Theod. v. 34; Soc. vi. 15; Soz. viii. 19.

404.

Death of the empress Eudoxia.

Chrysostom ordered to quit Constantinople.

Theod. v. 34; Soc. vi. 18; Soz. viii. 24.

407.

Death of Chrysostom.

Theod. v. 34.

408.

Death of Arcadius. Accession of Theodosius II.

Theod. v. 36.

410.

Sack of Rome by Alaric.

412.

Cyril becomes patriarch of Alexandria.

Theod. v. 35.

415.

Murder of Hypatia at Alexandria.

Theodoret loses his parents and retires to Nicrete.

Theod. Epp. CXIII, CXIX.

418.

Council of Carthage.

423.

Theodoret becomes bishop of Cyrus.

425.

Accession of Valentinian III.

428.

Nestorius becomes bishop of Constantinople.

Vandals in Africa.

Theod. Epp. XXIX-XXXVI.

429.

Death of Theodotus, patriarch of Antioch, fixed by Theodoretus as the term of his History.

Theod. v. 39.

430.

Letters of Celestine of Rome and Cyril of Alexandria to John of Antioch on the Western condemnation of Nestorius.

Death of St. Augustine.

431.

Council of Ephesus. (3rd general.)

432.

Council of Orientals at Beroea. (St. Patrick's mission.)

433.

Peace between Cyril and the Orientals.

434 (c).

Friendly correspondence between Theod. and Cyril.

Theod. Ep. LXXXIII.

438.

Translation of the relics of Chrysostom to Constantinople.

Theod. v. 36; Soc. vii. 45.

Cyril denounces Diodorus and Theodore of Mopsuestia: renewal of hostilities with Theodoret.

440.

Accession of Isdigerdes II., the last event referred to in the Ecc. History.

Theod. v. 38.

444.

Death of Cyril of Alexandria.

Theod. Ep. CLXXX

Accession of Dioscorus.

446 (c).

Composition of the "Dialogues."

448.

Dioscorus deposes Irenaeus of Tyre.

449.

(March 30.) Edict confining Theodoret within the limits of his diocese.

(Aug.) Assembly of the "Latrocinium" at Ephesus.

450.

(July 29.) Death of Theodosius II.

Accession of Pulcheria and Marcian.

451.

Council of Chalcedo

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